Christ in the Heavenly Sanctuary

As a springboard for diving (or back-flipping) into this week’s lesson, I offer a train of thought I have been following. It is my train . . . but I have looked for answers within writings that I consider inspired.

This is the train:

  1. What does sanctuary mean?
  2. What is the biblical sanctuary?
  3. What is the Law of God?
  4. What is the cleansing of the sanctuary?
  5. What is sin?
  6. What does it look like to put away sin in my life?
  7. What is Christ doing for me in the heavenly Sanctuary?

1. What does sanctuary mean? Merriam-Webster explains that, foremost, a sanctuary is a consecrated place. But the definition does not deal with the meaning or purpose of that consecration. The Cambridge Dictionary definition is first of all about sanctuary being a safe place, especially for someone or something being chased or hunted.

But safe places can also be safety nets that have become hammocks, like when university students need a safe place on campus where they can go and color or pound on play-doh and forget that a speech is being made in their environs from a different ideological point of view than their own. Sanctuary can also imply a place where “the law” cannot reach the wrong-doer. The concept of sanctuary has become a politically tense one.

2. What is the biblical sanctuary?“The question, What is the sanctuary? is clearly answered in the Scriptures. The term “sanctuary,” as used in the Bible, refers, first, to the tabernacle built by Moses, as a pattern of heavenly things; and, secondly, to the ‘true tabernacle’ in heaven, to which the earthly sanctuary pointed.”[1]

Was the wilderness tabernacle, or the “true tabernacle” a safe place for the tension between God and humanity? I find it intriguing to think that perhaps God needed a place to be safe from having His righteousness destroy the unrighteousness that is in, through, and among His people. In the wilderness, He so wanted to “dwell among us” and let us know the plans He had developed for our potential cleansing and reinstatement into the Heavenly Family where we belonged. So, the systems of the tabernacle were both for the education of humanity and the protected communication between God and humanity.

3. What is the Law of God? The tension existed because the Law of God had been broken. And most every Adventist knows that the Law of God is at the center of this dialogue between God and humanity. “In the most holy place is His law, the great rule of right by which all mankind are tested. The ark that enshrines the tables of the law is covered with the mercy seat, before which Christ pleads His blood in the sinner’s behalf. Thus is represented the union of justice and mercy in the plan of human redemption.”[2]

Two more ways of articulating what “the great rule of right by which all mankind are tested” is can be found in this passage from The Desire of Ages: “Looking unto Jesus we see that it is the glory of our God to give. ‘I do nothing of Myself,’ said Christ; ‘the living Father hath sent Me, and I live by the Father.’ ‘I seek not Mine own glory,’ but the glory of Him that sent Me. John 8:28; 6:57; 8:50; 7:18. In these words is set forth the great principle which is the law of life for the universe. All things Christ received from God, but He took to give. So in the heavenly courts, in His ministry for all created beings: through the beloved Son, the Father’s life flows out to all; through the Son it returns, in praise and joyous service, a tide of love, to the great Source of all. And thus through Christ the circuit of beneficence is complete, representing the character of the great Giver, the law of life.[3]

So, the Law of God can be described in these ways:

  1. “The great rule of right by which all mankind are tested,”
  2. “The great principle which is the law of life for the universe,”
  3. “The character of the great Giver, the law of life.”
  4. “The cross of Calvary testifies to the immutability of the law of God. That law is a transcript of God’s character, the standard of character for all human intelligences.”[4]
  5. And Jesus summed up the law in this way: “‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind. This is the great and first commandment. And a second is like it: You shall love your neighbor as yourself. On these two commandments depend all the Law and the Prophets.’”[5]

How do these lofty principles relate to the table of stone, written with God’s own hand, that was seen in vision residing in the Most Holy Place, under the mercy seat? How does “All things Christ received from God, but He took to give” translate to the 10 Commandments? The following diagram is how I can visualize that (ideas adapted from Dr. Horst Mueller).

We can look at the lives of two biblical characters to understand that there must be some principle to the law that is much bigger than “keeping the commandments.” The Rich Young Ruler (Matt 19:17-22) was someone who carefully obeyed, out of his own “goodness,” all of the commandments expected of him. When Jesus asked him to give all that he had, his declining was a statement that he did not understand the “bigger” picture of the law, which is “take from God to give to others.” He assumed God was asking something from him that was his.

The other example is the prodigal son’s older brother (Luke 15:28, 31). He had always done what was expected of him. He was in the church. He didn’t even party at home, apparently. But somehow, he felt that this was all something from inside himself that he was giving to the Father. We too often fall into the trap of believing we “give” tithe and offerings, that we “give” worship to God. Actually nothing originates in us, but only flows through us, if we will allow it to. That flow is keeping the law. The fourth commandment is a sign that we understand that we aren’t the source, God is the Creator. We don’t keep ourselves and our universe running—actually, only God does. And also in the fourth commandment we are reminded that other people don’t keep our universe running while we piously “give” our worship to God.

Breaking the commandments (if you break one, you break all, because they are founded on the same great principle—take from God to give to others) can be illustrated as well. It is, in essence, the Law of Death. The wages of sin are not death because an arbitrary God decreed it. The wages of sin are death because sin stops up the system of life—the great principle on which the universe runs.

4. What is the cleansing of the sanctuary? The next question in my train of thought is, what then, is the cleansing of the sanctuary, where this Law of God resides beneath the mercy seat?

The cleansing, both in the typical and in the real service, must be accomplished with blood [a life given]: in the former, with the blood of animals; in the latter, with the blood of Christ. Paul states, as the reason why this cleansing must be performed with blood, that without shedding of blood [the giving up of life] is no remission. Remission, or putting away of sin, is the work to be accomplished[6] (parenthetical comment mine).

5. What is sin? My next thought is, then what is this sin that must be put away? For that answer, my favorite inspired explanation is this: “All sin is selfishness. Satan’s first sin was a manifestation of selfishness. He sought to grasp power, to exalt self. A species of insanity led him to seek to supersede God. And the temptation that led Adam to sin was Satan’s declaration that it was possible for man to attain to something more than he already enjoyed, possible for him to be as God Himself. . . . The design of the gospel is to confront this evil by means of remedial missionary work, and to destroy its destructive power by establishing enterprises of benevolence. . . . Sin has extinguished the love that God placed in man’s heart. The work of the church is to rekindle this love. The church is to co-operate with God by uprooting selfishness from the human heart, placing in its stead the benevolence that was in man’s heart in his original state of perfection.”[7]

6. So, the next to the last question in my train of thought is this: What does it look like to have sin put away in my life? That is what Jesus is doing in the Sanctuary during these end times, isn’t it? How do I know whether or not He is doing it for me?

Christ says to his followers, “Ye are the light of the world.” Then let your light shine forth in clear, steady rays, Do not wrap about you a cloud of darkness. Cease to suspect others. By good works represent the character of Christ. When you are tempted to yield to despondency, look to Jesus, and talk with him. Your Elder Brother will never make a mistake. He will judge righteously. He will guide you aright.[8]

It is through the church that the self-sacrificing love of Jesus is to be made manifest to the world; but by the present example of the church the character of Christ is misrepresented, and a false conception of Him is given to the world.[9]

And in life and character the Christian is bound up with Christ in His plans of mercy for humanity. His character is to be a reproduction of the character of Christ. The unselfish, self-sacrificing life of Jesus is to be copied by every soul who loves the Redeemer.[10]

7. What is Christ doing in the heavenly sanctuary? I believe “Christ is waiting with longing desire for the manifestation of Himself in His church. When the character of Christ shall be perfectly reproduced in His people, then He will come to claim them as His own.”[11]

But, only He can accomplish that work as I let Him empty me of self, as He emptied Himself, in order to let Him reach the world, in love, through me. That is what is being accomplished in the Sanctuary . . . we, the Church, are having our characters transformed from self-centered to other-centered, perfectly empty vessels through which God can shine His character.

To provoke further thought:

Photo courtesy of Pexels.

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[1]E. G. White, The Faith I Live By (Review and Herald Publishing Association, 1958), 202.

[2]E. G. White, The Great Controversy Between Christ and Satan, Vol. 5 (Pacific Press Publishing Association, 1911), 415.

[3]E. G. White, The Desire of Ages, Vol. 3 (Pacific Press Publishing Association, 1898), 21.

[4]E. G. White (n.d.), The Bible Echo, N.P., 127.

[5] Matt 22:37–40, The Holy Bible: English Standard Version, (Wheaton: Standard Bible Society, 2016).

[6]E. G. White, The Great Controversy Between Christ and Satan, Vol. 5 (Pacific Press Publishing Association, 1911), 417–418.

[7]The Workers’ Bulletin (1902): 7.

[8]The Youth’s Instructor (1986): 569.

[9]E. G. White (n.d.), The Home Missionary, 19.

[10]E. G. White (n.d.), Pacific Union Recorder, 90.

[11]E. G. White, Sons and Daughters of God (Review and Herald Publishing Association, 1955), 32.

This is a companion discussion topic for the original entry at

A fairly traditional Adventist chain of thought. So to whom is Christ pleading His blood to?

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The older I get the more tired I am becoming of the circular discussions about the sanctuary issues. It seems that Adventism cannot keep the Gospel as simple as it is in the Bible, it must develop a “theology” about it that is based on the “present truth” concept. Which means, it’s discussion never ends, because in the Adventist realm, final/complete truth is NEVER reached. And talking about the sanctuary has become not only an obsession, but a true addiction!

I guess after so many years I am worn out by looking for the “final truth” and never finding it. It may be time to surrender and keep the Bible as the only reading source of truth and ignoring the writings of any other humans who are just trying to… build a theology about the truth…

At least one day there will be a relief from this temple/sanctuary issue; we won’t have to discuss it for eternity… This is what the Bible teaches us in Revelation 21:22, "I did not see a temple in the city…"


Looking back, I realize, more and more, how very tiring it all was…

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Regarding item No. 7.
Just HOW BROAD in Kathy’s mind is her definition of "HIS CHURCH"
Just HOW BROAD in Kathy’s mind is her definition of “HIS PEOPLE”

Is Kathy’s thinking of “His church”, “His people” Just LIMITED to the 19million
SDAs in the world?
Or does it include God fearers around the world?

George – You did not finish the statement by John. It says that “Christ and
the Father ARE the Temple”. So as they are walking about the “streets of gold”,
The Temple is ALSO moving about the Streets of Gold.
the TEMPLE is NOT a “building”. The TEMPLE is wherever God [think Trinity] happens
to be.

Paul in Romans 2 makes a short discussion of “heathen” who knew nothing about the
10 Commandments, were DOING the 10 Commandments, and God honored those
persons, and continued to honor those persons as being part of “His”.

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Was? Or still IS?.. :wink:

I’m sure it still is…but not for me now :grinning:

Probably not for me either, starting as of today.

For about 30 years I heard of it, and I was strongly indoctrinated about it. Then ca age 30, in the early 80s, I finally learned the BIBLICAL truth about it (Thanks Dr. Ford, @gford1!!!)

Have been involved in many discussions about it since. For what??? Just to become tired of the nonsense some people keep preaching, the same I heard in my first 30 years.
Done with it!


Well done, Kathy,

I especially appreciate your willingness to explore, to imagine, indeed to be inspired by the concept of a Heavenly Sanctuary.

And @RonCorson asks a question surely worth exploring. Since we are imagining … if not to some vengeful deity overseeing the Creator, then perhaps Jesus has always pleaded his blood to humanity against the doubts proffered by the Serpent. Is this not extractable from the Creator’s words to the Serpent spoken in support of the first humans there present and as recreated in Genesis 3:14-15?

Whatever we may identify as the Heavenly Sanctuary, Sister (her preferred title) White affirms in the Desire of Ages, it cannot explain what she terms as “the science of salvation.”

"The only way in which we can gain a more perfect apprehension of truth is by keeping the heart tender and subdued by the Spirit of Christ. The soul must be cleansed from vanity and pride, and vacated of all that has held it in possession, and Christ must be enthroned within. Human science is too limited to comprehend the atonement. The plan of redemption is so far-reaching that philosophy cannot explain it. It will ever remain a mystery that the most profound reasoning cannot fathom. The science of salvation cannot be explained; but it can be known by experience. Only he who sees his own sinfulness can discern the preciousness of the Saviour. DA 494-495

This, perhaps, describes why for her whole life Sister White opposed attempts to normalize truth for people, especially her fellow Seventh-day Adventists. This way of seeing “truth” is affirming in ways mere statements of fundamental beliefs must always ring hollow it seems.

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Glad you are not done with us!

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Well Steve, I didn’t mention it because those people who are obsessed with “the temple” won’t pay attention to it anyways. They need a building, a real tabernacle. Just “someone’s presence” may not do it for them…


LOL. Don’t worry about it, I will never abandon my fellow Spectrumites. Believe me, believe me… :wink: :innocent:


George – Is the problem that we are “too concrete” in our thinking when the bible
is read in silence or read out loud? Too"boxed in"?
Unable to think outside “Lines”?
Unable to “imagine”? As in the Psalms?

Steve, maybe it’s “too booxed in”… LOL
Remember, many people are not able to “think out of the boox”… :wink: :innocent:

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If the veil in the earthly split shouldn’t that signify the heavenly did also? And where did Christ end up after His ascension? Seems quite clear there was no 1800+ year delay being near the Father…

Matthew 27:50-51 And Jesus cried out again with a loud voice, and yielded up His spirit.Then, behold, the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom; and the earth quaked, and the rocks were split…

Eph 1:19 and what is the exceeding greatness of His power toward us who believe, according to the working of His mighty power 20 which He worked in Christ when He raised Him from the dead and seated Him at His right hand in the heavenly places, 21 far above all principality and power and might and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this age but also in that which is to come.

Acts 5:30-32
30 The God of our fathers raised up Jesus whom you murdered by hanging on a tree. 31 Him God has exalted to His right hand to be Prince and Savior, to give repentance to Israel and forgiveness of sins.

Acts 7:55 But he, being full of the Holy Spirit, gazed into heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of God,

Acts 7:56 and said, “Look! I see the heavens opened and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God!”

1 John 2:
2 My little children, these things I write to you, so that you may not sin. And if anyone sins, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous. 2 And He Himself is the propitiation for our sins, and not for ours only but also for the whole world.


Paul says in Romans 3 that God set Jesus forth as a hilesterion, literally a mercy seat. The only time the high priest went before the mercy seat/ Kippur, was on Yom Kippur. IOW, what Yom Kippur pointed to, regarding full access into the presence of God, was fulfilled in the death of Jesus.

This is why Paul could say, in chapter 5, that by faith we have access into this grace in which we now stand. That access is like the access a priest has into the presence of deity. Jesus made this way for all. In Hebrews, it says that the veil believers pass through into the most holy presence was Jesus’s body. There was no way station in any outer compartment for 1810 years. Full and free access to the shekinah happened with Jesus’s death, resurrection, and ascension.

In fact, John calls Jesus the tabernacle and the Shekinah in the prologue to his gospel. He is the place where God and man meet. He is the way we meet and live in the glory and most holy presence of God. He is the way we pass from judgement and death to acceptance and life. The idea that the Jewish temple and its rituals and holy days pointed to a physical heavenly structure as its primary function is far outstripped by the truth that it points us all to one person… to Jesus. Period!




Sadly you know that is not what Ellen White means, and the context which says “pleads in the sinners behalf”. But we have other places where she says: " Jesus was clothed with priestly garments. He gazed in pity on the remnant, then raised his hands upward, and with a voice of deep pity cried, “My blood, Father, my blood, my blood, my blood.”

And what if I, a new gentile convert, do not have the history or understanding of the sanctuary system? But through the N. T. and especially Paul’s writings, I clearly grasp the Gospel of Grace and the assurance of eternal life. Am I condemned to hell for not internalizing every jot and tittle of the sanctuary symbolism?

God forbid.


Revelation 21:22, “I did not see a temple in the city, for the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb are its temple.”

Working back through Scripture I believe we see in greater detail the point you make so simply. Simple but deeply profound.

Right from the beginning of the new covenant era, “the seven lampstands are the seven churches.” Rev 1:20. God’s church on earth has given light to the world through every generation. Literal lampstands in a room in heaven? I think not.

Peter knew well that the precious cornerstone “I lay in Zion” is the One we believe in and so we “as living stones are being built up as a spiritual house for a holy priesthood to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.” 1 Peter 2:5. Sounds like new covenant temple language to me, in fact, even sanctuary language.

Paul knew it in Eph 2:19-22 and concludes that " the whole building, being fitted together, is growing into a holy temple in the Lord, in whom you also are being built together into a dwelling of God in the Spirit."

If we are afraid of “spiritualising things away” maybe we need to remember that God is spirit and those who worship Him are called to worship Him in spirit and in truth.

This is the sanctuary doctrine that I never tire of, especially as there is so much said about it under the new covenant of grace.


Is there any SDA Theology graduate who still believes or preaches the IJ? I suspect not.

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