The detail of these issues would be overwhelming and too long to handle. Briefly, the Adventist interpretation of Daniel 8:14 relies on the KJV translation of tsedaq in the niphal as cleansed, and ties it to Leviticus 16, thus concluding that Daniel 8 is all about the individual, “investigative” judgement of individual believers, in order to see if their life records merit their salvation at the end of the age. Considering that Chapter 7 portrays a judgement against the anti God powers by the divine tribunal, and that the good news that the vindication of the saints is assured, this extrapolation doesn’t make contextual sense, and seems to undercut the encouragement of the message that was intended in its historical setting.
Additionally, most contemporary translations render cleansed, in 8:14, as restored, rededicated, reconsecrated, restored to its rightful state, put right again, etc. This seems to speak in context to a) 6th c. B.C. E. Jews who were exiled in Babylon, and longing not only for their restoration to the land/eretz, but to the rebuilding and restoration of their temple, or b) if one takes a 2nd c. B.C.E. dating for Daniel, as many scholars do, to the ousting of Antiochus from Jerusalem, and the ending of his abominations of idolatry and pig sacrifice in the temple and on its altar. The restoring and reconsecration of the sanctuary was a monumental victory for the Maccabees and Israel, and the Feast of Dedication/Chanukah became a commemoration that even Jesus himself celebrated. Considering the historical context, the linguistic proof texting to Leviticus 16 and Yom Kippur, and throwing the meaning of this text to 2,000-2,400 years in the future seems tenuous, at best, to me.
Thirdly, the 2300 days itself relies largely on importing the year for a day calculation from essentially two or three other unrelated places in the OT. This is then laid on this text as the key to unlock a two millennia long time period and fulfillment. In light of everything outlined above, I fail to see how this is the primary meaning of this text, while absolutely bypassing the needs of Daniel and his contemporaries in their own life situation. Prophecy is meant to exhort, correct, and in this case especially, to comfort its hearers. How would Jews in exile, under persecution, or threat in Daniel’s day ever have received any of that from something that didn’t speak at all to their present need and situation, and would have no meaning until 1844…over 2,000 years later?
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