Following on from your comments which are important and relevant, in my experience SDA theology has always had problems with the covenants. This statement from Lesson 10 Sunday says a lot.
" It is clear: The new covenant is not something much different from the old covenant made with Israel on Mount Sinai."
I simply cannot accept this statement, and I find the explanations that follow confusing and a little contradictory. In so much that is written in Adventism these days about the Sabbath, I see too many verses taken out of context. There are attempts to read into verses what is already believed rather than letting the passages speak for themselves. To claim that the new covenant is a renewal of the old covenant from Sinai is human speculation as I understand it.
In their attempts to redefine the meaning of the Sabbath in salvation terms, church theologians are detracting from a clear understanding of the new covenant, the centrality of the cross and the meaning of Christ’s finished work in his death and resurrection. The new covenant is the reality under which we as Christians live. Everything the old covenant pointed forward to has been fulfilled in Christ so why live in the shadows of an obsolete covenant?
In effect, some are putting the Sabbath on a level with Christ. Colossians 2:16,17 come to mind. The reality is that the Seventh-day Adventist church is defined by the Sabbath. It’s very roots are in present truth being the Sabbath and the shut door. The church in subtle ways is still trying to shut the door on Christians who worship on Sunday and not Saturday. This to me doesn’t sit well in light of the first commandment of the decalogue.
It was God who rested from his work of creation on the seventh day and it’s Christ crucified and risen that gives us entry into God’s rest through the gospel as we read in Hebrews 4. This is our divine rest every moment of every day. This to me is true rest of heart and soul that rest from work one day in seven can never give.
Everything in the old covenant, in the law of Moses, in the commandments, in the ceremonies has its fulfilment in Christ crucified and risen and living in our hearts. Peace and rest and salvation are ours in Christ and Christ alone, not in a law, or in a covenant that the children of Israel found impossible to keep, a covenant that was meant to point them forward to the Messiah as their saviour.
I’ve said enough to condemn myself in the eyes of many Seventh-day Adventists. But when I see the new covenant of grace through Christ’s shed blood and his resurrection being overshadowed by teachings about the old covenant and the Sabbath I find it difficult to remain silent. I have no issue with Sabbath as a corporate day of worship. It’s what SDA docrine has done to the Sabbath at the expense of the centrality of the cross that I take issue with.