Thanks for the various opinions.
I would like to add a few thoughts based on the discussion.
In Genesis 26:4-5 God reiterates the blessing given to Abraham by saying to his son Isaac, ‘because Abraham hearkened to my voice and kept My charge, My commandments, My statutes and My laws.’
So, there was some form of the law in effect before Sinai for some people. I think a basic level of comprehension of right and wrong is inherent in everyone’s conscience but it appears God impressed certain further elements of His law upon certain individuals He specifically chose to carry out His will.
I see this idea echoed by Jesus in Luke 12:47-48, ‘And that slave who knew his master’s will and did not get ready or act in accord with his will, will receive many lashes, but the one who did not know it, and committed deeds worthy of a flogging, will receive but few. From everyone who has been given much, much will be required;’
This idea of varying punishment and reward based on what we have done with what we have had the opportunity to know appears again in Matt 11:20-24 in which Jesus said it will be more tolerable for Tyre, Sidon, and Sodom in the judgment than for Chorazin and Capernaum.
This leads one to the idea that those the Bible calls ‘overcomers’, those who will be chosen for positions of authority under Christ in the coming kingdom, are a subset of believers. They are those who have best used what they have been given (e.g., Matt 19:28, Luke 19:15-27; Rev 3:21).
I think one can apply a similar approach regarding angels and marriage. In Luke 20:34-36 Jesus says, “The sons of this age marry and are given in marriage, but those who are considered worthy to attain to that age and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry nor are given in marriage; for they cannot even die anymore, because they are like angels, and are sons of God, being sons of the resurrection.”
I think ‘that age’ refers to the next age. I believe the kingdom will be manifested in several coming stages and ages. Those in the first draft to immortality are those who have been proven worthy (are the overcomers) as decided by the judgment of our works at the end of this age.
I also think this goal of becoming like an angel was Paul’s aim that he spoke of in Phil 3:9-12 when he said he had not yet laid of something he called ‘the prize of the upward call of God’. He said he wanted to attain to the ‘out-resurrection’ from the dead (the only time he used that term).
Thus, only a small, select group of believers, those who share in ‘the fellowship of His sufferings’, and are being ‘conformed to Christ’s death’ will be honoured by becoming ‘like angels’, at least initially when we enter the next age.
So, they alone will not marry or be given in marriage.
Isaiah says God’s people will build houses, and tend vineyards and eat their fruit in the earth made new (65:21-23). I see this as reflective of the existence man had before sin so I agree with the idea that what was lost through sin will be restored. This will apply to the majority of believers, those who have been saved but not chosen to be ‘like angels’.