Kenyan Pastors Meet to Discuss Response to HIV Epidemic

Because Kenya has the fourth-largest HIV epidemic in the world, a group of pastors in the Central Kenya Conference of Seventh-day Adventists decided to hold a conference of their peers to ask the question, “If Jesus were here, how would be handle the situation?” Organizers found support from the Ushirika Medical Services and SDA Kinship International. Pastor Kamutu, the conference ministerial secretary, served as the master of ceremonies for the conference that was convened on February 28 to March 2, 2018. Approximately 200 pastors attended.

Pastor Kiragu, the executive director of the conference, opened the event with the question about what Jesus’ response would be. Then he pointed out that each attendee is either affected or infected by the disease. “We may not see the seriousness of the situation until someone in our own household is down with the illness,” he said. “It is high time that we start looking at HIV like any other disease. Some of those who are infected are already experiencing self-stigma. It is our duty as the servants of God to welcome them into God’s house and not block them by the entrance,” he said.

During the two days of meetings, as the multiple issues surrounding HIV were discussed, it was emphasized that to reach the World Health Organization’s (WHO) goal of zero infections, church leaders and members should not be afraid to call a spade a spade and accept that it is also in the church. And that means issues like homosexuality and alcohol and drug use by church members need to be discussed.

Attendees heard about the epidemiological dynamics of HIV in respect to modes of transmission, as well as age, sex, and geographic differentials. In the last four years, the prevalence of HIV has decreased from 7.2% to 6.0%, with approximately 100,000 new infections annually (KAIS, 2012). Sexual transmission accounts for 93.7% of the new infections. There are growing statistics on the number of persons engaging in same sex intercourse in Kenya — a country where same-sex activity is criminalized by the penal code — and there is widespread stigma and discrimination against those practicing it. Men who have sex with men are identified as a key population in Kenya’s HIV response framework, but LBQ women and transgender persons are not even though their incidence rates are also high.

All LGBTI people face significant challenges in accessing health services due to stigma and discrimination and ignorance from health care providers about sexuality and gender variance. Generally speaking, the various churches in the country have no interest at all in what is going on, because they look at these people as sinners. Central Kenya Conference looked at all these people and thought of a way of ministering to the marginalized with the spirit of Christ.

Seventh-day Adventist members are not left out when it comes to infections. There is great evidence of members of the church who are HIV positive or who are members of the LGBTI community — some of them pastors and children of pastors.

The WHO has recommended sustained focus on HIV research, policy, and advocacy for key populations in order to achieve the global goals of zero infections, zero discrimination and zero deaths. Kenya has made milestones in the development of standards of care and health policy frameworks such as Kenya AIDS Strategic Framework, Kenya’s Fast Track Plan to End HIV and AIDS among adolescents and young people, and Kenya HIV Prevention Roadmap. The Roadmap proposes a shift from existing HIV programming approaches towards a population-location-risk approach to HIV investments where service delivery interventions at the county level will be guided by data and evidence-based interventions. However, despite the scale up of combined HIV interventions and products aimed at providing options for prevention, treatment, and care among targeted populations in Kenya, the uptake and use of these interventions has not always been successful for reasons that are not understood. The church wants to play a major role in global goals of zero infections, zero discrimination, and zero deaths.

While homosexuality is a delicate topic to handle, it was acknowledged that there are gay members in the church and that heaven is for all people and all will be welcomed by God, the owner of heaven. In his presentation, Professor Ruben Mugerwa from Bugema University emphasised that in heaven’s record we are all HIV positive — all are sick and needing redemption — so we should not feel cleaner or holier than others. To Jesus, the prostitute who came to him is the same as a pastor who might be preaching in a church.

Addressing the verses in the Bible that have seemingly been superseded by science, Professor Mugerwa referenced the building of the tower of Babel. Knowing the brick makers would run out of oxygen if they left Earth’s atmosphere, would God really have been afraid they were going to reach Him? Where does God stay? Mugerwa said scriptures were written in the context of that time and culture. He advised that we need to read the Bible in a wider context and not shallowly.

In his final appeal he urged all present to read Christianity and Homosexuality: Some Seventh-day Adventist Perspectives to learn more. He also suggested just using Google to find other resources that would provide more information about homosexuality. He said, “Let’s not be caught off guard later as many were caught during the beginning of HIV/AIDS epidemic. Homosexuality is here and here to stay until Jesus comes. Our job is to treat others the way Jesus would have treated them.”

During group discussions, the following suggestions were made:

  1. Pastors need to be examples and be the first to be tested for HIV.
  2. More counselling and testing sessions should be encouraged by the church.
  3. More workshops need to be given, because many know nothing about homosexuality and generally how it is connected to HIV/AIDS.
  4. Create a special ministry that can care for these marginalized groups.
  5. Hold a follow up meeting with conference heads of departments.

Rena Alberta Otieno is the founder of Rainy Summer, the first lesbian organization in the Western Kenya region, and has been the Kenyan coordinator for Seventh-day Adventist Kinship International for over ten years.

Image credit:

If you respond to this article, please:

Make sure your comments are germane to the topic; be concise in your reply; demonstrate respect for people and ideas whether you agree or disagree with them; and limit yourself to one comment per article, unless the author of the article directly engages you in further conversation. Comments that meet these criteria are welcome on the Spectrum Website. Comments that fail to meet these criteria will be removed.

This is a companion discussion topic for the original entry at

To organize and hold a conference like this is a ground breaking event. It is a great first step in helping to understand people and know their needs better and to show Christ-like compassion. Open dialogue can achieve miracles. We will pray that financial obstacles can be overcome and more educational conferences will continue. Let’s all put this project on our prayer list.

This is an awesome goal to work towards! I would love to see our church be the leader in making this happen.


The Church on this continent NEED to BROADEN their FOCUS. Not ALL HIV persons are what are called “Gay” in the GAY SENSE of the Term. Many “hetero and married men” do have sex with men on that continent. These men become infected, and pass this infection onto their wives. Pregnancy passes HIV onto the newborn.
In SOME parts of Africa the Men with HIV are told they can CURE THEIR INFECTION by having sex with a Virgin Girl. And this passes the infection on to Women.

Discussion NEEDS to INCLUDE PREVENTION. Prevention by the Men. And Prevention of PASSING it onto their wife, girlfriend, child.
Is there such a THING as TESTING for HIV over there in Kenya like there is here in the United States, Canada???
If so, perhaps the Kenya Seventh-day Adventist churches need to lead out in this Public Heath Program of testing and counseling the entire population of Kenya including use of Radio and T.V.,
and posters, billboards.

PS— Robin thanks for enlarging the picture of the spread of HIV, consequences on families [when the person is untreated, develops AIDS symptoms, dies, and leaves affected orphans]. This is NOT some small problem. It is an Economic Problem for Kenya and other African nations.

John-- YES! The Church leaders and members NEED TO BE OK SAYING — CONDOMS!
Abstinence needs to be left on the very back burner of the discussion.
It DOES NOT work in America. Will NOT work in Africa, or any other nation on the planet.


What would Jesus do? 2 things.

  1. Treat and heal.

  2. Tell them to go and sin no more.

He certainly wouldn’t encourage them to persist in same sex relationships, for male to male sex is a major risk factor for HIV transmission (and not simply because of the label but because of the high risk lifestyle and activities undertaken), and of course also because it is a sin. For the heterosexually oriented he would do the same. Adultery and promiscuity are both risk factors and a sin.

1 Like

This is an incredible advance in outreach and awareness, particularly in East Africa where homosexuality is so very stigmatized and criminalized!

That said, AIDS in East Africa has been more a heterosexual disease.

The truck drivers who travel long routes, north and south, and away from home for lengthy periods, frequent prostitures in the villages along their routes.
Then when they return home they infect their wives with the aids virus.

There are multiple thousands of AIDS orphans in Africa, who’s parents have died of the disease. Gays rarely have offspring, so this is an indication that the heterosexual population is heavily infected and affected.


The kenyenians have set an example for the church. In 2015 the church had a conference in Cape Town South Africa, issue of homosexuality were deliberated however, Kinship was left out. Whatever desions that the church took on issues of sex , homosexuality were not balanced. My fear is that someone is going to be in a hot soup especially the Prof from Bugema which one of our Schools. He even challenges how the church uses the bible on issues of homosexuality. Is my church open to such a pertinent challenge


This is definitely a step forward from the attitudes of the past.

In 2001 I was a minor player/participant in an evangelical crusade that was held in Mwanza, Tanzania, and broadcast via satellite across the Division. There were tens of thousands in attendance each night at the event itself and countless thousands more attending in their local places of worship via the satellite uplink, whether that place of worship was in a building or under a tree.

One evening in particular stands out in my memory of that event when the brave young students from Walla Walla University stood before that crowd and spoke of the HIV epidemic, and ways of preventing infection. The reviews were mixed to be sure but there was a great deal of anger on the part of some. Needless to say, the message was presented and heard, and maybe even did some good.

The thing of it is, the church should not be choosy when it comes to presenting prevention. A religious paradigm that tells an uneducated person that the only way of prevention is abstinence is an irresponsible paradigm. If we as a church are going to be honest about prevention then we need to present all options and methods including abstinence except within the bonds of marriage as the most desired, but by no means the only method. Lives are at stake.