Richard Rice, Greg Boyd, John Hick on the Problem of Evil

This week’s Adult Bible Study Guide explores divine love and theodicy through a brisk recounting of the theological themes in the great controversy narrative. I think one of the best articles on this topic is by Richard Rice, PhD, who’s "The Great Controversy and the Problem of Evil" appeared in the Spectrum journal in 2004. If you click here and scroll to page 46, you’ll see what I mean.

This is a companion discussion topic for the original entry at
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@Webed cannot open either link… “access denied”

A glitch caused this article to appear in Discourse before it was actually live on The article should now be accessible!

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Got it… both fixed…thanks!

Isn’t it interesting how the theme of conflict between good and evil recycles throughout much of history, even though each cycle seems to have different twists. The following quotes are from Wikipedia.

Manichaenism: “A key belief in Manichaeism is that the powerful, though not omnipotent good power (God), was opposed by the eternal evil power (devil). Humanity, the world, and the soul are seen as the by-product of the battle between God’s proxy, Primal Man, and the devil.” Manichaenism prospered between the 3rd and 7th centuries CE.

Zoroastrianism: " Zoroastrianism has a dualistic cosmology of good and evil and an eschatology which predicts the ultimate conquest of evil by good. Zoroastrianism exalts an uncreated and benevolent deity of wisdom, ( Wise Lord ), as its supreme being.The unique historical features of Zoroastrianism, such as its monotheism, messianism, judgment after death, heaven, and free will may have influenced other religious and philosophical systems, including Second Temple Judaism, Gnosticism, Greek philosophy." Zoroastrianism hung around for more than a thousand years.

Does this stuff sound familiar?

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" Binary thinking, also known as dichotomous thinking, happens when even complex concepts, ideas, and problems are overly simplified into being one side or another. The gray area in the middle is ignored or goes unnoticed. Binary thinking helps us feel a sense of certainty."

Yes. The conflict between good and evil theme, seems to have given many (thruout the ages) a sense of certainty.

Given your thoughts on binary thinking, you might be interested in Comment 95 which I posted a few minutes ago in response to the article entitled “Agnosticism “.

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Lucifer is pure fiction, the Latin name for the planet Venus, claimed by the King of Babylon as his alter ego. Everything written about Lucifer by EGW is stolen and/or false. Everything written about Lucifer by Isaiah (chapter 14) is tongue-in-cheek and was totally misunderstood by our “prophet”.

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