I appreciate your post.
My thoughts regarding abortion come from two main threads, both informed by my parents and relatives, some M.D.'s and some with a long history working in public health.
First, decisions regarding abortion at a case level should be driven by facts known to medical and psychological science, on a case-by-case basis, decided by a woman (who notably may be a minor) with the help of these professionals. The decision is often hard and should be hard to make. The range of issues surrounding these decisions is difficult to impossible for people who are not trained and who have not worked in this area to understand.
Second, laws regulating abortion should also be based on facts known to medical and psychological science. Each person may have beliefs about what is right, perhaps driven by their religious convictions. But personal beliefs vary and are informed by many things. No person’s opinion, no matter how strongly held, should guide public policy.
Third, public policy in general and laws regulating abortion (and many other medical and psychological standards of care) should be implemented based on what is best for our society at large. For example, public health departments (when working at their best) spend a considerable amount of time building trust and working with ‘Johns’ and prostitutes - not to ‘correct’ their behavior - but to chase down and stamp out venereal disease. They do this because it is a good public health practice. Venereal disease can kill and maim people.
Similarly, public policy regarding abortion should be driven by data and what it tells us is best for society - not by personal belief. We should ask, what happens in a society when safe and accessible abortion services are not available? We know the answer. We have the data. The answer is that women continue to get abortions, often in desperation, and for poor women especially it is often under conditions that are unsafe, and so it more often results in death or significant and sometimes permanent injury - such as accidental sterilization.
Last, consider that - however backwards we may think it - the bible consistently teaches that life begins at the first breath and ends at the last. It also teaches that the living person, the breathing person, has more value than the unborn.