The author of the article never said Job wasn’t inspired by the Spirit. He is saying that it very likely isn’t literal history, but was written to address Israel’s situation and existential questions in exile…why did our suffering happen? Why does evil seem to be ascendent? Why would God do this to us, or allow this to happen to us?
The literary genre of the book would indicate that it is not a literal account, even if one believes that Job is a literal, historical figure. It is written in poetic verse. The dialogue is written as such. No one speaks in this way. The events of losing family, business, health, etc., all in the space of minutes, all heralded by servants through the same language leads to the the idea that this is obviously a literary construction. But, it is a literary construction used to convey truth and questions about God, his wisdom, his justice, and the tough issues of why human suffering and evil. These themes are universal and grappled with by people of all ages and places.
The book shows that despite the prologue of a satan in the heavenly council challenging God’s justice as the behind the scenes reason for what happens to Job, when God confronts Job he gives him no answers. Job and his friends believed that the universe worked by the law of retributive justice, and that God was bound to this. If one does good, God gives good. If one does evil, they are also repayed accordingly. Thus, Job’s trials happened because he sinned, according to his friends. And, Job is saying that they shouldn’t have happened because he didn’t. This is behind his continual challenge to God, wanting to confront him in court so to speak, and to to take him to task for his injustice.
Their whole moral paradigm is blown up when God confronts Job. Not by the answers that God gives him, but by the lack of answers. If Job can’t understand God’s creation and how he created, what makes him think that he has the wisdom to understand why such suffering happened to him? This is then behind Job’s repentance. He acknowledges that he doesn’t have sufficient wisdom…only God can understand what to us is unexplainable, the reasons for suffering that invades our lives even if we do nothing to bring it upon ourselves. Job’s friends apparently don’t admit their own lack of wisdom, clinging to their paradigm of how God must work. They are in worse shape than him in the end before God, and need Job’s prayers.
This leads us to the place that we just do not have all the answers regarding why we suffer, why bad things happen to good people, why suffering and evil are allowed to continue in God’s creation, etc. It humbles us into saying that we don’t have all the answers, even while we maintain faith. How is a book that provokes this type of thinking and discussion not inspired? Why does its inspiration have to hinge on it being literal history?