Modern Medicine was paradoxically born as a medicine of order and control. The scientific and humanist revolution of the 16th and 17th centuries aimed to introduce an order that, until then, was at best only partial. Reliable scientific methods for deciphering, understanding and therefore of controlling human social and biological processes, were still not in our possession. This aim contrasts with the spirit of freedom that is usually attributed to modernity. The excessive, unjustified and despotic medieval control exercised, above all by the church upon individuals, had been overthrown by modernity. This inaugurated, for the first time, a true age of freedom and liberation. Liberation from prejudices, ignorance and the institutions that until then had been the trustees of a pre-established social order and stability.
This is a companion discussion topic for the original entry at http://spectrummagazine.org/node/11168